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THE SEVEN WONDERS OF THE ANCIENT WORLD
The Pyramids of Egypt and the Sphinx—are situated close
to the west bank of the Nile River nearly opposite Cairo,
and were built between 4731 B.C. and 4454 B.C.
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon—were near the Eu-
phrates River in the palace of King Nebuchadnezar, 60
miles south of the present city of Bagdad. They date from
about 600 B.C.
The Temple of Diana—at Ephesus in Asia Minor, and an-
cient but now vanished city, was built in the Fifth Century,
B.C. by the Ionian cities as a joint monument. In 356 B.C.,
the temple was destroyed.
The Statue of Jupiter Olympus—in the valley of Olympia,
12 miles inland from the west coast of the southern penin-
sula of Greece, was begun in 432 B.C.
The Tomb of Mausolus—was in Asia Minor on the Eastern
side of the Aegean Sea opposite Greece. It was built of
marble about 352 B.C. by Queen Artemisia.
The Pharos of Alexandria—a white marble lighthouse or
watch tower on the island of Pharos, in the port of Alexan-
dria, Egypt, was completed in 283 B.C. Fires were used as
a beacon by night and were kindled in the upper part of
The Colossus of Rhodes—was a brass statue of the Greek
sun-god Apollo, about 109 feet high and was erected at the
port of the City of Rhodes on the Island of Rhodes in the
eastern part of the Mediterranean Sea north of Alexandria.
It took 12 years to build, was completed about 280 B.C.
and was thrown down 224 B.C. by an earthquake.